How to improve understanding?
Intelligence is an ability by which ideas and relationships are captured and shaped to adapt to a new circumstance by making use of our cognitive abilities (reading, arithmetic, memorizing, imagining, etc.). The faster we adapt, the smarter we become. The important thing is not remembering, but connection and comprehension. Memories can always be rebuilt by following the link path.
1. Advice for a good understanding of the text
Most texts are organized according to a series of structural patterns. If we want to understand and remember what we are reading, first we must do is to get acquainted with how the information is arranged in the text. For this, we must define the structural pattern of the book we are studying that will also help us in developing and presenting the academic work that we demand. When we read the structure of comprehension, comprehension and recall of concepts, it is essential to arrange them according to a certain structure, or we may end up with a tangle of disorganized ideas.
1. The most commonly used structures for arranging a text
Problem / solution
Problem: I need more money.
Impact: Expenses are higher than earnings
The reason: unemployment.
The solution: find a job, a robbery …
Opinion: A woman to be a manager.
Reasons: Women do well.
Keep out of trouble
Result: Election of a female candidate.
Thesis / Research.
Thesis: Alcohol addiction due to …
Research and evidence: trial results
Result: How to avoid alcoholism in adults
Presentation: detail the main points
The goal: to cook hard-boiled eggs.
The first step: put the eggs in a bowl filled with cold water.
The second step: put the pot on the fire.
Third step: Bring it to a boil over low heat …
Result: In ten minutes you will have a boiled egg.
2. Understanding Processes
Description: Explain the properties of something:
- Definition: Draw out the main elements.
- Order: Learn about the various classes, groups, and subgroups of something to which it belongs.
- Compare: Discover the similarities and differences between two things, or a series of them.
- Inference: Establishing a general law on the basis of private examples.
- Conclusion: Performing logical operations to reach conclusions based on the first principles.
- Analysis: separating the various different elements that make up the formula.
- Authorship: Extracting the most important of all. In general terms, understanding the various relationships that exist between things, in the sense of “being part of …”, “being dependent on …”, “being a cause …”